Antarctic ice sheet: 14 million km² (5.4 million square miles). Water warms and cools more slowly than land, so areas near the sea have fewer extremes of temperature. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. However, the truth is somewhat different, and this article attempts to highlight the differences between Antarctic and Antarctica. Polar bears are the largest land carnivore in the world and the largest member of the bear family. The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, named for the first two expedition leaders to reach the South Pole, supports 150 researchers and support staff in summer, and 50 through the winter. Antarctic cruises take anywhere from 10 to 14 days, typically starting its journey in Ushuaia, Argentina and crossing the Drake Passage, which separates South America from Antarctica… However, many other whale species such as orca, humpback, and sperm whales are commonly found in these waters during the summer, visiting the Arctic to dine on the rich bounty of marine life in these productive waters. These flightless seabirds are extraordinary swimmers. Large reserves of ice have a cooling effect on the air above them. The Arctic: Cruising season is determined largely by the sea ice. Nobody owns the South Pole. It is roughly the size of the United States and Mexico combined and is almost completely covered by a layer of ice that averages more than one mile in thickness, but is nearly three miles thick in places. Greenland ice sheet: 1.71 million km² (0.66 million square miles). We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Crabeater seals mostly eat krill – never crabs! There are 6 Antarctic seal species that flourish in the cool haven of the Southern Ocean. Antarctica is the windiest continent on the planet, which makes cold temperatures feel even colder due to wind chill. Most of the other 100 bird species that breed in the Arctic migrate to warmer climes to escape the harsh winter, including the Atlantic puffin, arctic tern and white-tailed eagle. Free from the perils of land predators such as the foxes and polar bears of the Arctic, penguins have flourished in Antarctica. Antarctica is actually a desert, and it's the largest desert in the world. If it’… Fur seals are the only Antarctic seal that uses fur for insulation, in addition to blubber. Although Antarctica is surrounded by sea, the cooling effect of the massive Antarctic Ice Sheet counteracts any moderating influence of the ocean, except near the coast. The difference between Antarctic and Antarctica stem from the fact that Antarctica is a continent within Antarctic region. Due to the extremely cold climate of the region, you cannot see many animals in the region. While the two look the same at a simple glance, there is a great difference between the two. The South Pole is in the middle of Antarctica. The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. There are only a dozen or so arctic birds that live in the Arctic all year round, including the gyrfalcon, raven, ptarmigan, snowy owl, redpolls, gulls (Ross’s and ivory), guillemots and the little auk. The exact location of the South Pole is marked with a stake, which has to be moved each year. Antarctica is a landmass surrounded by ocean and the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by land. Musk ox, reindeer, caribou, arctic foxes, arctic hares, wolves, lemmings, voles, polar bears. Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are home to a diversity of seabirds, which often follow the ship as we sail. Antarctic region includes Antarctica, island territories that are situated in the Southern Ocean, waters and ice shelves. There are over 60 research stations, where staff reside seasonally or annually. There are no arctic foxes in Antarctica. The Antarctic comprises the continent of Antarctica, the Kerguelen Plateau and other island territories located on the Antarctic Plate or south of the Antarctic Convergence. The Arctic vs Antarctic: which should you visit? Without the warming effect of direct sunlight the poles get very, very cold. Our cruises will take you as far as the Antarctic Peninsula, including the Falkland Islands, South Shetland Islands, and South Georgia. Summer temperatures also differ from pole to pole. Antarctica is covered by ice throughout the year, less than 5% of Antarctica is free of ice. It was in 1959 that 43 countries of the world signed Antarctica Treaty forbidding any mining and exploration on this virgin landmass and also to cooperate with each other in an endeavor to conduct scientific research for the betterment of life and human beings in particular. Antarctica vs the Arctic: 5 Things You Need To Know. Antarctica vs Arctic Climate In the battle for extremes, Antarctica takes the win here. The ship Schwabenland reached the pack ice off Antarctica on 19 January 1939. Antarctica and the Arctic have many things in common: they’re both cold, icy and home to an array of wonderful wildlife not found anywhere else. Their coat is very heavy and dense, and is predominantly brown to olive, although some populations in Greenland are almost completely white. Note: Choosing between the Arctic and Antarctica will depend heavily on what time of year you’re able to travel. In summer, the ice breaks ups and the enormous ice-sheets crack and split. The broad, flat structure of their feet allows the hooves to splay widely and act as snowshoes to travel over winter snows and the summertime spongy arctic tundra. There are no tours to the South Pole, but there is an Antarctic research station. Here, it carries the bulk of the Antarctic ice sheet. Let’s take a closer look at the Arctic and Antarctica and how to tell them apart. • Antarctic region lies in South Pole opposite the Arctic region on North Pole. By contrast, the largest ice sheet in the Arctic, the Greenland Ice Sheet, is only one eighth the size of the Antarctic Ice Sheet. There is another word called Antarctic that confuses many as they think that both refer to one and the same in the world. The city …, Terms & Conditions | Privacy Policy | © 2021 Aurora Expeditions, Suite 12, Level 2, 35 Buckingham Street, Surry Hills, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia. Researchers were hoping to discover a hypothesized cache of iron-rich meteorites, the remnants of ancient asteroids and would-be… Each year, a few lucky travellers visit the North Pole. Admittedly, there are numerous similarities between these two regions, and at first glance they’re easily confused for one another. Quiz: Arctic vs Antarctic: Can you tell which is which? The Arctic offers breathtaking views of fjords, mountains, and glaciers, and there are more green areas with trees and vegetation than you may expect. Antarctica, however, is entirely surrounded by ocean, so moisture is more readily available. Antarctica is a landmass surrounded by ocean and the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by land. Apart from that, all other characteristics of the places seem to be the same as they are both in the same region. Find out more about some of the amazing animals you could spot on a voyage to the Arctic here. Eight of the world’s 18 penguinspecies live in Antarctica and on subantarctic islands. But almost all penguin species live in the southern hemisphere, seven of these in Antarctica. With streamlined bodies like torpedoes, they use their flippers like wings for propulsion in the water, and their feet (and sometimes tail) to steer their course. The Arctic pole is located in the Northern Hemisphere within the deep Arctic Ocean, while the Antarctic pole is smack in the middle of the ice-covered Antarctica. A cold desolate continent covered in miles of ice and snow year-round, the south pole of Antarctica … If you have any questions about these remarkable corners of the globe, feel free to drop us a line and we’ll be in touch. Antarctica remains a virgin land of mass on the earth with no country claiming a piece of land on it. This huge reservoir of ice cools the air above it and reflects most of the heat that reaches it back to space. Another favourite meal for arctic foxes is birds and their eggs – so it’s fortunate for penguins that they are only found in the Arctic! It comes as a surprise to many visitors to Antarctica, but polar bears only live in the Arctic - … They even make occasional visits to the Geographic North Pole, in the middle of the Arctic Ocean. The Arctic has a rich culture. Their fur is longer and finer than most temperate hares, and they have shorter ears. Musk oxen have historically been associated with the hunting cultures of early mankind. Antarctica is quite isolated from the rest of the planet. Harp seals are best known for the pure white coats of their young pups. But few things so perfectly express the polarities of our planet as its literal magnetic poles – or more generally, the Arctic (north) vs. Antarctica (south). The South Pole is so far above sea level that some people who visit will experience altitude sickness! Polar bears can also cover amazing distances at sea: they can swim 48 km (30 mi) regularly, and up to 354 km (220 mi) at a stretch, before they need to find sea ice or land to rest. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Find out the REAL reasons you're not allowed to go explore the antartica that is the south poleSubscribe for more amazing videos! When people are deciding which to visit first, the Arctic or Antarctica, they’re often surprised to discover just how different they are. It is one continent that is coldest and least populated because it receives almost nil precipitation, and hence, labeled as world’s largest cold desert. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Words by Nina Gallo, Aurora Expeditions’ historian and certified PTGA polar guide. If you’re interested in learning more about Antarctica or seeing for yourself what it’s all about, contact our expedition experts today. Penguins feed at sea, coming ashore to breed, rest and replace all their feathers at once in an annual catastrophic moult. Reindeer are vegetarians and they eat most available types of vegetation, including new-growth leaves, lichens and even fine twigs. During the non-breeding season, groups are sexually segregated, and dominance is based on the size of their bodies and tusks. Antarctica is known for being the highest, driest, coldest and windiest continent on earth. This is the place where warm waters from the north meet frozen water from the south producing waters that are very productive with lots of animals and plants. The North Pole is the northernmost point on our planet, situated at sea level in the middle of the Arctic Ocean. The walrus is the largest pinniped in the Arctic, with distinctive tusks which they use as weapons, or levers to help them move around on land. The Arctic is the polar region at the north of the planet, where polar bears roam. The Arctic landscape is extremely diverse, from the dramatic icebergs that calve off the Greenland Ice Sheet to the delicate flowers and berries that bloom across the Arctic tundra in summer, and brilliant displays from deciduous shrubs in the autumn. The Antarctic (US English , UK English or and or ) is a polar region around the Earth's South Pole, opposite the Arctic region around the North Pole. There are many reasons why the poles are cold, including: For 6 months over the winter, the sun doesn’t rise above the horizon within the polar circle (66°30’ North and South). Polar bears spend most of their lives on the sea ice, roaming across this frozen, constantly moving surface, hunting seals through cracks in the ice. While Antarctica is nearly completely ice, the Artic has mountains, hills, plains, rivers, tundra, and the taiga, the world’s largest biome. In 1938 Germany dispatched the German Antarctic Expedition, led by Alfred Ritscher, to fly over as much of it as possible. The winter average at the South Pole is a seriously nippy -60°C (-76°F). The United States, Chile, the Soviet Union and Germany disputed Norway's claim. Even when it’s covered by ice, the Arctic Ocean has a moderating effect on the climate, helping to keep the Arctic slightly warmer than Antarctica. • The cold climate does not allow a large number of plants to grow in Antarctic and Antarctica. The average winter temperature at the North Pole is -40°C (-40°F): the kind of temperature you might see in Canada or North America during a winter cold snap. This forms giant icebergs that melt as they float north throughout the summer. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Antarctica is a continent that is surrounded by the ocean and the land mass remains buried under the ice sheet that is almost a mile thick. The circumference of the Antarctic Circle is 15909 km, while one measurement of the perimeter of Antarctica’s ice is 53610 km. ("Perennial" refers to the oldest and thickest sea ice.) Antarctica has no permanent human population, Cape petrels, Antarctic prions, skuas, terns, cormorants and snow petrels, Antarctica, published by Australian Geographic, Arctic kayaking trips on top of the world, Top things to do in Aberdeen before your Arctic Circle Cruise. This is the reason why the Antarctic region is considered colder and windier than the Arctic region. The Inuit consume the meat of arctic hares and use the hide for clothing and bandages. Antarctic krill (Euphasia superba) are small, shrimp-like crustaceans with large, black eyes and many small legs called thoracopods. The polar regions cover the ends of the Earth like caps, and the Arctic is just slightly larger than Antarctica. The white surfaces of ice and snow are highly reflective. A region with vaguely defined limits, it extends over six countries that border the Arctic Ocean: Canada, the USA (Alaska), Denmark (Greenland), Russia, Norway and Iceland. There are many small shrubs, grasses and sedges in the arctic tundra. When the sun returns to the polar regions in summer, they still receive less sunlight than other places on earth due to their position at the north and south extremes of the globe. Arctic fox are well-adapted to the Arctic environment, and remain active all winter and live in the open. 6. • Antarctic convergence encircles Antarctic as well as Antarctica. We use cookies to enhance your user experience. In the Antarctic region, we can see animals such as seals, penguins, whales and Antarctic krills. • Antarctic region including Antarctica has some species of animals that can bear the cold temperature such as seals, penguins, blue whales, orcas, etc. It was first visited by humans in 1820, the culmination of centuries of efforts to find it. The average summer temperature at the North Pole is barely freezing at 0°C (-32°F), while the South Pole remains much colder at -28°C (-18°F). But if you lifted the ice off the North Pole in the Arctic, you would find the Arctic Ocean. As you can see, Antarctic is a region while Antarctica is a continent situated in the Antarctic region. The Arctic is largely sea, with the north pole over 400 miles away from the nearest land mass. This quiz couldn’t be more straightforward. Smaller than the familiar red fox and with more rounded ears and muzzle, the arctic fox is distributed all around the Arctic in high latitudes and out on the open tundra. The Antarctic is characterized by the blowing of strong winds. There are 8 countries within the Arctic region: Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, the United States (Alaska), Canada, Denmark (Greenland), and Iceland. The North Pole is located to the north of Canada, Denmark (Greenland), Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the USA (Alaska). The numbers are different because the Antarctic Circle is circular, while the perimeter of Antarctica’s ice has a complex shape. Keen on outdoor activities? Living in the Arctic also means they can tuck into a feast of rodents, insects and berries, none of which are found in Antarctica. If you continue without changing your settings, you are giving your consent for us to set cookies. • Antarctica is a landmass buried under an ice sheet 1 mile thick. This is where the cold water of the Antarctic meets the warmer water of sub-antarctic region. The Arctic and Antarctica have many things in common, and one is their size. Antarctica comes a close second with an area of about 14.2 million square km (5.4 million square miles), roughly twice the size of Australia. With their mathematically precise huddles and pebble-stealing antics, they have developed some truly remarkable ways of thriving in the harsh Antarctic environment.

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