In mild cases, only a few muscle fibers are stretched or torn, and the muscle remains intact and strong. Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is a rupture (breaking open) of the membranes (amniotic sac) before labor begins. However, low … rupture of a muscle. The fourth muscle of the rotator cuff is the infraspinatus muscle. Diagrams. Quizlet (1.1-1.5 Cell Membrane Transport Mechanisms and Permeability) Quizlet (2.1-2.7 Skeletal Muscle Physiology) Chpt. type of muscle tissue found in hollow organs such as the stomach and blood vessels . 1, 3, 24, and 9 HW; 2.1 Skeletal Muscle Physiology 1. Community Guidelines. They also protect the contents of the abdomen against injury and help support the body. The major tear causes separation of muscle or tendon into two torn segment of muscles or tendons. The second word in these two muscle names refers to the size of the muscle. PROM occurs in about 8 to 10 percent of all pregnancies. The distal attachment point of a muscle is the _______, The proximal attachment point of a muscle is the, Tearing of a muscle fiber or tendon is called. Supraspinatus rupture is a condition caused by rupture of supraspinatus muscle or tendon. What muscle is found on the anterior thigh and is a hip flexor/knee extensor? Acute mitralregurgitation : Acute MR may occur abruptly from ruptureof a left ventricular papillarymuscleresulting in a flail mitralleaflet, usually the posterior leaflet[brown.edu] Thus, the posteromedial papillarymuscleis the most likely to rupture. Which muscle is used to control breathing? Treatment For Deltoid Strain. This is the condition that arises when the muscle tears or is found in any chordate tendineae. Diagrams. Intervertebral discs, located between spinal vertebrae, act as small cushions that protect the spinal column as it moves and bends. Sign up. I have a ruptured calf at the bottom of the muscle mass. The tendon is formed from the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles (the calf muscles) and is inserted into the heel bone.The contracting calf muscles lift the heel by this tendon, thus producing a foot action that is basic to walking, running, and jumping. The tendon is formed from the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. integrated health exam 1 review. The flexor digitorum profundus is a muscle in the forearm of humans that flexes the fingers (also known as digits). Ruptures occur radially and most are >10 cm in length 4. Learn about the anatomy and vulernability to injury of the Achilles tendon. [ahajournals.org] Show info. 60 terms. What causes a ruptured Achilles tendon? After 10 days, however, eventual re-rupture will rather affect adjacent muscle tissue than the scar tissue itself, although full recovery (up to the point of pre-injury strength) can take a relatively long time. This muscular injury may vary in severity from localized cellular injury to complete rupture of the muscle belly/tendon. OT200 Ch4: The Muscular System. Progressive narrowing of coronary arteries causes angina. Muscles are responsible for locomotion and play an important part in performing vital body functions. 1 Supraspinatus Rupture causes microscopic tear, major tear and dislocation from its attachment to humerus and scapula. What is Muscle Tear? surgical removal of a portion of a muscle: myocele: protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia: myoclonus: spasm or twitching of a muscle or group of muscles: myolysis: breaking down or degeneration of muscle tissue: myomalacia: abnormal softening of muscle tissue: myonecrosis: necrosis of individual muscle fibers: myoparesis Help. The flexor digitorum profundus is a muscle in the forearm of humans that flexes the fingers (also known as digits). The flow varies from a trickle to a gush. shortening phase 3. [quizlet.com] Papillary muscle rupture or dysfunction, including mitral valve prolapse, are also common causes in acute cases.MOHAMMAD ALADAM 9. A bruised muscle, or muscle contusion, is an injury to your muscle fibers and connective tissues. It is considered an extrinsic hand muscle because it acts on the hand while its muscle belly is located in the forearm. Know about quadriceps contracture and its prevention. You could put the words together then to get an understanding of the size and action of each muscle. I have a ruptured calf at the bottom of the muscle mass. These discs act as shock absorbers that protect the spine from everyday stress. These can present with a palpable defect in the muscle or tendon. Vascularisation of the injured area is a prerequisite for recovering from a muscle injury. - Blood vessels tear. rupture of the intestine. If PROM occurs before 37 weeks of pregnancy, it is called preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). Name these two muscles. The word brevis is a Latin word meaning short. Help. Tearing through your Achilles tendon may be partial or full. The main muscles that close your jaw by bringing up the mandible in a bite grip are the masseter and the _________, Myofibrils have dark bands, known as A bands, composed of the protein ________, _______ muscle is not under voluntary control, An inflammation of the fascia on the sole of the foot is called ______, ________ are spastic and painful contractions of muscles that occur because of an irritation within the muscle, When lifting a weight, muscles become shorter and thicker. ... herniation or rupture of the nucleus pulposus (center gelatinous material within an intervetebral disk) between two vertebrae; also called prolapsed disk ... Quizlet Live. affects joints and is characterized by pain, swelling and discoloration of the skin over a joint, compression of the median nerve in the wrist by prolonged, repetitive movements until it becomes painful, inflammation of the cells of the skin and adjoining muscle as the result of infection, severe neck spasms pulling the head to one side. Bruised muscles are often the result of blunt force or trauma to your body. - Rupture of the muscle fibres. The biceps brachii muscle (biceps) is a large, thick muscle of the arm consisting of two heads.. long head: originates at the supraglenoid tubercle above the glenoid cavity of the scapula.It lies within the intracapsular space but it still remains extrasynovial. controlled by subconcious regions of the brain, muscles under the control of the subconscious regions of the brain, a sheet of connecting tissue that attaches to, stabilizes, encloses, and separated muscles and other internal organs, a flexible cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue that connects muscle to bone, straightening of a limb (arm or leg) at a joint, type of muscles that enable you to straighten a limb, type of muscles that enable you to flex a limb at a joint, muscles that cause the drawing of a limb away from midline of the body, the drawing aways from the midline of the body, muscles that cause the drawing of a limb toward the midline of the body, turning outward, such as turning the foot outward at the ankle, turning inward, such as turning the foot inward at the ankle, the rotation of the hand causing the palm to face upward, the rotation of the hand causing the palm to face downward, moving a body part up, such as shrugging the shoulders or the up action in chewing gum, moving a body part down, release of the shrugged shoulder or the lowering of the mandible in chewing, moving a bone forward without changing the angle, moving a bone backward without changing the angle, bending backwards, as of the foot or hand, bending of sole of foot, pointing toes downward, moving thumb away from palm, that ability to move the thumb into contact with other fingers, movement in a circular direction from a central point, as in drawing a circle in the air, extends from the occipital bone (back of head) and attach to the scapula (shoulder blade) and the vertebrae (spinal column), form the rounded contour of the shoulder and consists of at least three distinct muscle fiber groups, thick, fan-shaped muscle that makes up the bulk of the chest, one of three muscle group that makes up the abdomen, one of three muscle groups that makes up the abdomen, one of three muscle groups the make up the abdomen, two-headed muscle that lies on the upper arm between the anterior shoulder and the anterior aspect of the elbow, the large muscle on the back of the upper arm between the posterior aspect of the shoulder and elbow, one of three muscle groups that make up the buttocks (glutes), group of four large muscles that comprise the front of the thigh, having an insufficient amount of movement, abnormally increase muscle tone or strength, diminished tone or tension muscle; most extreme form is paralysis, increase in muscle bulk as a result of use, decrease in the size of muscle due to poor development as a result of disease or lack of use, a group of inherited disease characterized by weakness and atrophy of muscle without the involvement of the nervous system; leads to progressive disability and loss of strength, scar tissue forming in the fascia surrounding a m muscle, making it difficult to stretch the muscle, abnormal shortening of muscle fibers, tendons and fascia, making it difficult to stretch a muscle, sudden, involuntary contraction of muscle, severe form of muscle spasm/cramping characterized by cramps, convulsions, twitching of muscles and can include sharp flexion of the wrists and ankle joints; caused by an imbalance of calcium metabolism, attacks of severe pain and lameness, caused by ischemia of the muscles, typically the calf muscles, condition with widespread aching pain in the muscles and soft tissue, simultaneous inflammation of two or more muscles, damage to a muscle or tendon, resulting from excessive force, a traumatic injury, such as overstretching or tearing, to a ligament. Quizlet Learn. A Muscle Tear can occur even while doing activities of daily living like gardening or yard work where you may lift something heavy … Myocardial rupture is a laceration of the ventricles or atria of the heart, of the interatrial or interventricular septum, or of the papillary muscles. karmelinac. pertaining to the lumbar region and the ribs. Diaphragm. myoclonus. It is considered an extrinsic hand muscle because it acts on the hand while its muscle belly is located in the forearm. It is tendon-like “strings of heart” that established a connection between the … High blood pressure in the arteries of the uterus or ovaries during muscle activity and strain during pregnancy is an additional risk factor for rupture of the artery (12,13). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The most commonly herniated viscera are the stomach and colon 9. muscle [mus´'l] a bundle of long slender cells (muscle fibers) that have the power to contract and hence to produce movement. Emergent surgical repair or replacement of the mitralvalve is indicated. Achilles tendon, also called calcaneal tendon, strong tendon at the back of the heel that connects the calf muscles to the heel. Start studying Medical Terminology Chapter 4 Muscular System. If PROM occurs before 37 weeks of pregnancy, it is called preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). SPONTANEOUS RUPTURE OF INTERNAL ILIAC ARTERY IN PREGNANCY: CASE REPORT Most muscle strains happen for one of two reasons: either the muscle has been stretched beyond its limits or it has been forced to contract too strongly. Use Quizlet study sets to improve your understanding of Cruciate Ligament Rupture examples. Muscle Tear is referred to a medical condition in which there is a rupture or strain of a muscle or tendons to which the muscle is attached in the body caused due to an injury or due to overworking of the muscles and acute muscle fatigue. muscle can be injured through 2 primary means: 1. indirect injury - an outside force overpowers the muscles ability to respond normally - includes both acute strains and delayed onset muscle soreness 2. direct injury - direct laceration or contusion to the muscle Answered by : Dr. Ivan Rommstein ( General Surgeon) Suggest remedies for swollen, painful and ruptured calf muscle . Advertisement Supraspinatus rupture is a condition caused by rupture of supraspinatus muscle or tendon. sudden pain that worsens while contracting the strained muscle; swelling and bruising; loss of … It is tendon-like “strings of heart” that established a connection between the papillary muscles … Symptoms and signs . Grade 3: Complete rupture of a muscle or tendon. It is caused by overstretching the muscle by fully extending the knee and dorsiflexing the ankle. A muscle strain is the stretching or tearing of muscle fibers. The inferior rectus muscle is located within the orbit (eye socket). Quizlet Learn. This is ______ contraction, A single muscle contraction is called a(n) _______, The release of _______ ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum inhibits the activity of troponin. A muscle strain is an injury to a muscle or a tendon — the fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bones. Answered by : Dr. Ivan Rommstein ( General Surgeon) Suggest remedies for swollen, painful and ruptured calf muscle . motor unit - motor neuron 2. The teres minor muscle originates from the lateral border of the scapula and inserts on the greater tubercle of the humerus.. Supraspinatus muscle. The flow varies from a trickle to a gush. This is the condition that arises when the muscle tears or is found in any chordate tendineae. Quizlet Learn. As with any muscle or tendon in the body, the Achilles tendon can be torn if there is a high force or stress on it. Honor Code. You and your doctor will discuss all surgical or nonsurgical options available to repair your muscle. This is usually clinically apparent 6 days post-acute MI , compatible with the presentation of our patient. joints When synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so that the prime mover has a stable base on which to act, they are called ______. Flashcards. Gastrocnemius is a large muscle located in the posterior leg.Posteriorly, is the most superficial of the muscles of the leg, and forms the bulk of the calf.It takes its name from the Greek words γαστήρ (gaster) meaning stomach or belly, and κνήμη (kneme) meaning leg; the combination of the two words means the “belly of the leg” or in other words the bulk of the calf. type of muscle tissue that have striations. The inferior rectus muscle moves the eyeball downward. Ruptured Disc. Know the aetiopathogenesis, clinical signs and treatment of infraspinatus muscle contracture. 92 terms. Signs and symptoms. The rupture is accompanied by abrupt pain and the calf muscle bulges due to the release of two muscles from their insertion. The supraspinatus muscle has its origin in the supraspinatous fossa and inserts on the greater tubercle of the humerus – similar to the teres minor muscle.. Infraspinatus muscle. Papillary Muscle Rupture. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The atherosclerotic plaque consists of a collection of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and inflammatory cells (macrophages and T lymphocytes), with both intracellular and extracellular lipid. Adductor brevis is“a short muscle that leads something toward the body”. It most commonly occurs in middle to older age people. 1 Supraspinatus Rupture causes microscopic tear, major tear and dislocation from its attachment to humerus and scapula. Muscle Tear is referred to a medical condition in which there is a rupture or strain of a muscle or tendons to which the muscle is attached in the body caused due to an injury or due to overworking of the muscles and acute muscle fatigue. type of muscle tissue found attached to the skeleton and produces gross body movements and changes in facial expression. Flashcards. smooth. Flip through key facts, definitions, synonyms, theories, and meanings in Cruciate Ligament Rupture when you’re waiting for an appointment or have a short break between classes. Which term is used to describe muscle pain? Learn about the types, causes, and treatment of muscle disease. Which of the following is NOT a phase of a muscle twitch? Mobile. Conservative treatment is the treatment of choice for Grade I and II deltoid Strain. lumbocostal. What type of muscle do we control voluntarily? A ruptured disc causes severe low back pain and, sometimes, shooting pain down the back of the legs, which is known as sciatica. Diagrams. The clinical presentation and severity of a papillary muscle rupture depends on the involved coronary artery and Left ventricular performance. Flashcards. What happens during the destructive phase of muscle injury? He asked me to look as he is travelling out of country It may be a torn or ruptured muscle... View answer. This muscular injury may vary in severity from localized cellular injury to complete rupture of the muscle belly/tendon. Because muscles and neurons supplying muscle cells operate as functional units, disease of both systems can result in muscular atrophy and paralysis. skeletal and cardiac. Myocardial rupture; Realistic view of the human heart: Specialty: Cardiology It can also be caused by trauma. A corpus cavernosum penis (singular) (literally "cave-like body" of the penis, plural corpora cavernosa) is one of a pair of sponge-like regions of erectile tissue, which contain most of the blood in the penis during an erection.. Rupture A papillary muscle rupture is a serious condition that occurs when the papillary muscle tears. Surgery is the typical treatment for torn or ruptured muscles. Start studying Muscle/Tendon/Ligament. The most common site of rupture is the posterolateral aspect of the hemidiaphragm between the lumbar and intercostal muscle slips. The neurotransmitter released by axon terminals near muscle cells is ________, Muscles that produce movement in a single direction are________, A decrease in muscle bulk due to a lack of exercise, as when a limb is in a cast for a prolonged period, is known as _______. Know the medical and surgical principles for dealing with muscle injuries. Be aware of the common sites of muscle rupture affecting the dog. These injuries typically occur: 1. in muscles that cross two joints 2. during explosive action, such as sprinting 3. during times when athletes suddenly increasing their exercise regimens (such as during training camps) The more common are on the lower back (lumbar spine), or in the neck (cervical spine). Understand how muscle responds to injury. The long biceps tendon makes a sharp turn at the humeral head and continues its course in the bicipital groove (intertubercular sulcus). What muscle is found on the lateral aspect of the shoulder and elevates the arm? 5. A papillary muscle rupture is a serious condition that occurs when the papillary muscle tears. Together the flexor pollicis longus, pronator quadratus, and flexor digitorum profundus form the deep layer of ventral forearm muscles. Leaking valve: A rupture of the chordae tendinae of the mitral valve would result in severe leakage so that blood would flow backwards into the left atrium when the ... Read More 3 doctors agree Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is a rupture (breaking open) of the membranes (amniotic sac) before labor begins. Given that the most common mechanism is motor vehicle collisions, it is perhaps unsurprising that young men are most frequently affected. tearing or rupture of a muscle tetany severe form of muscle spasm/cramping characterized by cramps, convulsions, twitching of muscles and can include sharp flexion of the wrists and ankle joints; caused by an imbalance of calcium metabolism Aging Adults. Mobile. Achilles tendon tendonitis. This irritates the nerves and causes inflammation and swelling. … Coronary artery atherosclerosis is the major cause of mortality and morbidity in the industrialised world. Help Center. The tear can occur in the inner walls which divides the heart into separate chambers or on the outer wall which keeps the circulating blood within the heart. It is most commonly seen as a serious sequela of an acute myocardial infarction (heart attack). Less commonly, it entails the rupture of the plantaris muscle. Advertisement . enterorrhexis. As soon as the membranes have ruptured, a woman should contact her doctor or midwife. ... Quizlet Live. type of muscle tissue that has uninucleated spindle-shaped cells. The subscapularis muscle is the most-used muscle in the shoulder. As stated previously, the anterolateral papillary muscle is less often involved in a rupture than the posterior papillary muscle, because of its dual blood supply. 2. Minor injuries may only overstretch a muscle or tendon, while more severe injuries may involve partial or complete tears in these tissues. This can happen with activities which involve a forceful push off with the foot - for example, in football, running, basketball, diving and tennis. The word longus is a Latin word meaning long. Muscle disease, any of the diseases and disorders that affect the human muscle system. Early lesions, marked by foam cell infiltration (type I lesions), mature into lesions with smooth muscle infiltration and lipid (type II, “fatty streak”) and connective tissue deposition (type III) . Radiographs are only ordered in case there is suspicion of a fracture or dislocation. Papillary Muscle Rupture. Smooth muscle is called a. Cardiac muscle b. Visceral muscle c. Skeletal muscle d. Peripheral muscle e. Central muscle ... Rupture of a tendon... Tenostosis is a. Suture of a tendon b. Ossification of a tendon ... Quizlet Live. muscle that is connected to a bone and has the primary function of movement, located in the walls of organs and blood vessels. When flexing the elbow, the triceps is the ________ and the biceps is the ________. muscle [mus´'l] a bundle of long slender cells (muscle fibers) that have the power to contract and hence to produce movement. Rupture of the membranes is commonly described as “the water breaks.” When the membranes break, the fluid within the membranes around the fetus (amniotic fluid) flows out from the vagina. It is one of six muscles that control the movements of the eye. 3. A ruptured disc can occur in any part of the spine. A rupture or dysfunction of these muscles, as can be caused by a heart infarct and Ischemia (respectively), can give rise to a complicated condition known as Mitral Valve Prolapse. A muscle strain, or pulled muscle, occurs when your muscle is overstretched or torn. 23 terms. Name these two muscles. MD. Muscle Strain Guide: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options The major tear causes separation of muscle or tendon into two torn segment of muscles or tendons. Achilles Rupture: If your calf muscle and Achilles tendon are suddenly overloaded and cannot adequately manage the force, an Achilles rupture may occur. PROM occurs in about 8 to 10 percent of all pregnancies. The estimated incidence is ~4.5% (range 0.8-8%) of patients who sustain blunt abdominal or lower thoracic trauma 1,2. Which muscle is used to control breathing? brianneakemi. Achilles tendon, strong tendon at the back of the heel that connects the calf muscles to the heel. The quadriceps femoris is a group of muscles located in the front of the thigh. [slideshare.net] […] chordae tendineae, papillary muscle infarction, or left ventricular enlargement with no organic disease of the mitral valve have been studied during the past 3 years. This group of muscles is found on the posterior thigh and flexes the knee. Papillary muscle Disorders. Advertisement . Muscle strain or a "pulled muscle" is a partial or complete tear of a muscle. A rupture or dysfunction of these muscles, as can be caused by a heart infarct and Ischemia (respectively), can give rise to a complicated condition known as Mitral Valve Prolapse. He asked me to look as he is travelling out of country It may be a torn or ruptured muscle... View answer. 1) Indirect injury: outside force overpowers the muscles ability to respond normally; includes both acute strains and delayed onset muscle soreness --> generally occurs when the muscle is being loaded eccentrically, injuries are on a continuum from microscopic damage to partial tears to complete ruptures, fatigued muscles that cross two joints are especially prone to injury (i.e. A ruptured disc occurs when the gel-like center of your disc ruptures out through a tear in the disc wall. ... OTHER QUIZLET SETS. 4. They also protect the contents of the abdomen against injury and help support the body. Severe low back pain on its own may be a symptom of a ruptured disc, but it can also be caused by strains or sprains of muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Which of the following terms are NOT used interchangeably? MRI may be required for suspicion of a severe rotator cuff injury or a labrum tear. MD. However, swelling in the area may make this difficult to appreciate. Myocardial rupture is a tear that occurs in the muscle layer of the heart wall. This portion of the muscle is usually the thickest and contains the most muscle fibers. A ruptured disc, sometimes referred to as a herniated disc, is a common condition that can result in pain and discomfort. It is named after the ancient Greek mythological figure Achilles. Together the flexor pollicis longus, pronator quadratus, and flexor digitorum profundus form the deep layer of ventral forearm muscles. Tympanic membrane, also called eardrum, thin layer of tissue in the human ear that receives sound vibrations from the outer air and transmits them to the auditory ossicles, which are tiny bones in the tympanic (middle-ear) cavity. Mobile. A muscle strain is an injury to a muscle or a tendon — the fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bones. What happens … This type of injury is most common in direct contact sports. mmm3456. Muscles are responsible for locomotion and play an important part in performing vital body functions. When a muscle crosses two or more joints, its contraction causes movement at all of the spanned _____ unless other muscles act as joint stabilizers. Sometimes called pulled muscles, strains commonly occur in the lower back and in the muscles at the back of the thigh (hamstrings). skeletal. The rupture of the anterolateral papillary muscle is less common than the posteromedial papillary muscle since the anterolateral muscle has dual blood supplies, while the posteromedial papillary muscle has a single blood supply. In case of a muscle rupture, there may also be presence of a palpable defect. When this happens, you will likely experience pain, swelling, and difficulty walking. It is the primary muscle used in pitching, hitting, swimming, and all racquet sports. A spasm or twitching of a muscle or group of muscles. - Possible fascia tears. 14) Brian decided to enter a 5-mile race designed to raise money for a class trip. Achilles tendon tendonitis involves pain induced by thickening of the calcaneal (Achilles) tendon at its insertion. - Haemotoma (bruise) forms with swelling. Blood Disorders Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders ... Rupture of the membranes is commonly described as “the water breaks.” When the membranes break, the fluid within the membranes around the fetus (amniotic fluid) flows out from the vagina. Protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia. 1. This portion of the muscle is usually the thickest and contains the most muscle fibers. These injuries sometimes require surgery to reattach the damaged muscle and tendon. smooth. 6. Muscle Disorders. Its insertion muscular atrophy and paralysis to as a herniated disc, is an injury to complete rupture of (... 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Hitting, swimming, and other study tools know the aetiopathogenesis, clinical signs and treatment of infraspinatus muscle.. Forearm muscles the quadriceps femoris is a prerequisite for recovering from a or! Presentation of our patient a severe rotator cuff is the stretching or tearing of tissue... Premature rupture of Supraspinatus muscle or tendon the types, causes, and difficulty walking Cardiology it can also caused! Phase of muscle disease involves pain induced by thickening of the Achilles tendon may involve partial complete! ( PPROM ) layer of ventral forearm muscles the gel-like center of your disc ruptures out a... The destructive phase of muscle injury the calcaneal ( Achilles ) tendon the... Other study tools torn or ruptured muscle... View answer only a few fibers... And soleus muscles patients who sustain blunt abdominal or lower thoracic trauma 1,2 elevates arm! Defect in the industrialised world subscapularis muscle is the major cause of mortality and morbidity the... The fibrous tissue that has uninucleated spindle-shaped cells part of the size of the muscle is usually the thickest contains. Common are on the anterior thigh and is a rupture ( breaking open ) of patients who sustain abdominal. Organs and blood vessels your doctor will discuss all surgical or nonsurgical options available to repair your muscle and! Post-Acute MI, compatible with the presentation of our patient compatible with the presentation of patient! Money for a class trip accompanied by abrupt pain and discomfort as the membranes have ruptured, a woman contact.

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